by Charles Cheng, CFA
If AI is indeed the next “Industrial Revolution”, one of the clearest current examples is in the capabilities of Open AI, the creator of GPT III, Chat GPT, and DALL-E. What follows will be an unedited conversation with Chat GPT, the AI powered chatbot that is currently taking the world by storm.
如果 AI 確實是下一次“工業革命”，那麼當前最明顯的例子之一就是 Open AI 的能力，它是 GPT III、Chat GPT 和 DALL-E 的創造者。 接下來將是與 Chat GPT 的未經編輯的對話，Chat GPT 是目前風靡全球的人工智能聊天機器人。
Expert’s View (EV): Hi, could you start off by telling me in concise terms what GPT-III is?
專家觀點 (EV)：嗨，您能先簡單介紹一下 GPT-III 是什麼嗎？
Chat CPT-3 (CG3): Sure, GPT-3 (Generative Pretrained Transformer-3) is a state-of-the-art language processing model developed by OpenAI. It is trained on a massive amount of data and can generate human-like text in response to a given prompt. GPT-3 is capable of performing various language-based tasks, such as translation, summarization, and text generation. It is considered to be one of the most advanced language models currently available.
Chat CPT-3 (CG3)：當然，GPT-3（生成式預訓練 Transformer-3）是 OpenAI 開發的最先進的語言處理模型。 它接受了大量數據的訓練，可以根據給定的提示生成類似人類的文本。 GPT-3 能夠執行各種基於語言的任務，例如翻譯、摘要和文本生成。 它被認為是目前可用的最先進的語言模型之一。
EV: How is it related to DALL-E and Chat GPT?
CG3: GPT-3, DALL-E, and Chat GPT are all developed by OpenAI and are based on the Transformer architecture. However, they have different purposes and capabilities.
GPT-3 is a general-purpose language processing model that can be used for various natural language processing tasks, such as text generation, translation, and summarization.
DALL-E is a model that is trained to generate images from text descriptions, using a neural network architecture called a Variational Autoencoder. It can create unique and imaginative images based on the given text prompt.
Chat GPT is a variant of GPT-3 that is specifically designed for open-domain conversational AI. It can generate human-like responses in a conversation and is capable of maintaining coherence over extended periods of time.
CG3：GPT-3、DALL-E、Chat GPT都是OpenAI開發的，基於Transformer的架構。 但是，它們具有不同的目的和功能。
DALL-E 這種模型，經過訓練可以使用稱為變分自編碼器的神經網絡架構從文本描述生成圖像。 它可以根據給定的文本提示創建獨特且富有想像力的圖像。
Chat GPT 是 GPT-3 的變體，專為開放域對話式 AI 而設計。 它可以在對話中產生類似人類的反應，並且能夠在很長一段時間內保持連貫性。
EV: Can GPT-3 write code?
CG3: GPT-3 is a language generation model, which means that it is capable of generating human-like text. It is not specifically designed to write code, and it may not be able to produce code that is syntactically correct or that performs a specific task.
However, it is possible that GPT-3 could be used to assist in the process of writing code by generating suggestions for code snippets or by providing descriptions of how to perform certain tasks in code. This could potentially be useful for tasks such as code completion or for providing explanations of how to use certain APIs or libraries. However, it would likely still be necessary for a human developer to review and debug the generated code to ensure that it is correct and effective.
CG3：GPT-3 是一種語言生成模型，這意味著它能夠生成類似人類語言的文本。 它不是專門為編寫代碼而設計的，它可能無法生成語法正確或執行特定任務的代碼。
但是，GPT-3 可以通過生成代碼片段建議或提供如何在代碼中執行某些任務的描述來協助編寫代碼的過程。 這可能對代碼完成等任務有用，或者對如何使用某些 API 或函式庫提供解釋。 但是，人類開發人員可能仍然需要審查和調試生成的代碼以確保其正確有效。
Figure 1: GPT-III writes code when prompted.
圖 1：GPT-III 在被提出要求時編寫代碼。
EV: What kind of tasks would the models built by Open AI be good at helping humans with?
EV：Open AI 構建的模型最擅長幫助人類完成哪些任務？
CG3: OpenAI has developed several advanced machine learning models, including GPT-3, DALL-E, and Chat GPT, which are all designed to help humans with various natural language processing tasks. These models can be used to generate human-like text, translate between languages, summarize long texts, and engage in open-domain conversations. They can also generate images based on text descriptions.
In general, OpenAI’s models are good at understanding and working with large amounts of unstructured data, such as text and images. They are particularly useful for tasks that require a high level of language proficiency and comprehension, such as translation and text generation. They can also help humans by automating tedious or time-consuming tasks, such as summarizing long documents.
CG3：OpenAI 開發了多種先進的機器學習模型，包括 GPT-3、DALL-E 和 Chat GPT，它們都旨在幫助人類完成各種自然語言處理任務。 這些模型可用於生成類似人類的文本、在語言之間進行翻譯、總結長文本以及進行開放域對話。 他們還可以根據文本描述生成圖像。
一般來說，OpenAI 的模型擅長理解和處理大量非結構化數據，例如文本和圖像。 它們對於需要高水平語言能力和理解力的任務特別有用，例如翻譯和文本生成。 它們還可以通過自動化繁瑣或耗時的任務來幫助人類，例如總結長文檔。
EV: Are there any particular industries that will be more impacted by the advancement of AI tools?
CG3: The advancement of AI tools is likely to have a major impact on many different industries. Some industries that are likely to be particularly impacted by the development of AI tools include healthcare, finance, and transportation.
In the healthcare industry, AI tools can be used to analyze large amounts of medical data and assist doctors in making diagnoses and treatment decisions. AI-powered chatbots can also be used to provide personalized healthcare information and support to patients.
In the finance industry, AI tools can be used to analyze market data and make investment decisions, as well as to detect and prevent fraud. AI-powered chatbots can also be used to provide personalized financial advice and support to customers.
In the transportation industry, AI tools can be used to optimize routing and scheduling, as well as to assist with self-driving vehicles. AI-powered chatbots can also be used to provide information and assistance to passengers.
Overall, the advancement of AI tools is likely to have a significant impact on many different industries, and will continue to do so as AI technology continues to advance.
在醫療保健行業，人工智能工具可用於分析大量醫療數據，輔助醫生進行診斷和治療決策。 AI 支持的聊天機器人還可用於為患者提供個性化的醫療保健信息和支持。
EV: What about writers, artists and programmers? They seem to be getting a lot of attention these days as professions that will be significantly impacted.
CG3: It is true that writers, artists, and programmers are likely to be impacted by the advancement of AI tools in a number of ways. For example:
Overall, it is likely that AI tools will continue to advance and become more capable in the coming years, and this may impact the way that writers, artists, and programmers work. However, it is important to recognize that these tools are not yet able to fully replicate the skills and creativity of human professionals in these fields.
CG3：的確，作家、藝術家和程序員可能會以各種方式受到 AI 工具進步的影響。 例如：
EV: That’s great. Thanks for chatting with me about this topic and I look forward to working with you to enhance my personal productivity in the future.
CG3: You’re welcome! I’m glad that I could help. If you have any further questions about GPT-3 or other AI tools, feel free to ask. I’m always here to help.
CG3：不客氣！ 我很高興能提供幫助。 如果您對 GPT-3 或其他 AI 工具有任何進一步的疑問，請隨時提問。 我會在這裡提供幫助。
This article reflects the personal views of the author and not any firm’s and should not be viewed as an investment recommendation